Status Of The Precious Coral Industry In Japan, Taiwan, And Okinawa, 1970
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Status Of The Precious Coral Industry In Japan, Taiwan, And Okinawa, 1970

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    The University of Hawaii is conducting a study of the ecology of precious corals and the development of precious coral fisheries in Hawaii. One of the major goals for this program is ta survey the existing coral jewelry industry, which currently is almost exclusively dependent on the Japanese market. This report describes the results of a three-week trip in the summer of 1970 to Japan, Taiwan, and Okinawa, where interviews with fishermen, merchants, and scientists were held. Information gathered included observations of vessels, gear, fishing technique, and coral jewel factories and data concerning the history of the fishery, location and depths of fishing grounds, ecology of various species, and catch and market statistics. The term "precious coral" classically refers to the red corals o f commerce. These species are all placed in the family Corallidae, order Gorgonacea, subclass Octocorallia, class Anthozoa, phylum Coelenterata. At present there are 20 species known to inhabit the Indo-Pacific, six of which occur in Hawaii and seven in Japan tBayer, 1956!. Species of commercial importance in the Orient include the red coral or aka-​sango, Co~zZZiwn japoxiown and C. noh' Ze, the pink coral or momoiro-sango, C. eZatius, and the white coral or shiro-sango, C. konoJ'oi.
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