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Ensemble-Based Targeted Observation Method Applied to Radar Radial Velocity Observations on Idealized Supercell Low-Level Rotation Forecasts: A Proof of Concept
  • Published Date:
  • Source:
    Mon. Wea. Rev. (2020) 148 (3): 877–890.
Filetype[PDF-1.10 MB]

  • Description:
    The potential future installation of a multifunction phased-array radar (MPAR) network will provide capabilities of case-specific adaptive scanning. Knowing the impacts adaptive scanning may have on short-term forecasts will influence scanning strategy decision-making in hopes to produce the most optimal ensemble forecast while also benefiting human severe weather warning decision-making. An ensemble-based targeted observation algorithm is applied to an observing system simulation experiment (OSSE) where the impacts of synthetic idealized supercell radial velocity observations are estimated before the observations are “collected” and assimilated. The forecast metric of interest is the low-level rotation forecast metric (0–1-km updraft helicity), a surrogate for tornado prediction. It is found that the ensemble-based targeted observation approach can reasonably estimate the true error variance reduction when an effective method that treats sampling error is applied, the period of model forecast is associated with less degrees of nonlinearity, and the observation information content relative to the background forecast is larger. In some scenarios, a subset of a full-volume scan assimilation produces better forecasts than all observations within the full volume. Assimilating the full-volume scan increases the number of potential spurious correlations arising between the forecast metric and radial velocity observation induced state perturbations, which may degrade the forecast metric accuracy.
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