Eyestalk neuropeptide identification in the female red deep-sea crab, Chaceon quinquedens
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Eyestalk neuropeptide identification in the female red deep-sea crab, Chaceon quinquedens

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  • Journal Title:
    General and Comparative Endocrinology
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    Eyestalk-derived neuropeptides, primarily the crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) neuropeptide family, regulate vitellogenesis in decapod crustaceans. The red deep-sea crab, Chaceon quinquedens, a cold-water species inhabiting depths between 200 and 1800 m, has supported a small fishery, mainly harvesting adult males in the eastern US for over 40 years. This study aimed to understand the role of eyestalk-neuropeptides in vitellogenesis in C. quinquedens with an extended intermolt stage. Chromatography shows two CHH and one MIH peak in the sinus gland, with a CHH2 peak area four times larger than CHH1. The cDNA sequence of MIH and CHH of C. quinquedens is isolated from the eyestalk ganglia, and the qPCR assay shows MIH is significantly higher only at ovarian stages 3 than 4 and 5. However, MIH transcript and its neuropeptides do differ between stages 1 and 3. While CHH transcripts remain constant, its neuropeptide levels are higher at stages 3 than 1. Additionally, transcriptomic analysis of the de novo eyestalk ganglia assembly at ovarian stages 1 and 3 found 28 eyestalk neuropeptides. A GIH/VIH or GSH/VSH belonging to the CHH family is absent in the transcriptome. Transcripts per million (TPM) values of ten neuropeptides increase by 1.3 to 2.0-fold at stage 3 compared to stage 1: twofold for Bursicon α, followed by CHH, AKH/corazonin-like, Pyrokinin, CCAP, Glycoprotein B, PDH1, and IDLSRF-like peptide, and 1.3-fold of allatostatin A and short NP-F. WXXXRamide, the only downregulated neuropeptide, decreases TPM by ∼ 2-fold at stage 3, compared to stage 1. Interestingly, neuroparsin with the highest TPM values remains the same in stages 1 and 3. The mandibular organ-inhibiting hormone is not found in de novo assembly. We report that CHH, MIH, and eight other neuropeptides may play a role in vitellogenesis in this species.
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    General and Comparative Endocrinology, 330, 114128
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