Growth hormone regulates intestinal gene expression of nutrient transporters in tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus)
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Growth hormone regulates intestinal gene expression of nutrient transporters in tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus)

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  • Journal Title:
    General and Comparative Endocrinology
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    Among the various ways that growth hormone (GH) underlies the growth physiology of teleost fishes, GH stimulates transport pathways that facilitate the absorption of nutrients across intestinal epithelia. The current study investigated the effects of GH on the gene expression of nutrient transporters in an omnivorous teleost, the Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). We employed pituitary gland removal (hypophysectomy) and hormone replacement to assess whether GH directs the gene expression of the GH receptor (ghr2), the peptide transporters, pept1a, pept1b and pept2, the amino acid transporter, slc7a9, the Na+/glucose cotransporter, sglt1, the glucose transporter, glut2, and the myo-inositol transporter, smit2, in anterior, middle, and posterior intestine. ghr2 was predominantly expressed in posterior intestine, while pept1a, pept1b, slc7a9, sglt1, glut2, and smit2 exhibited the highest mRNA levels in anterior and/or middle intestine. While hypophysectomized tilapia exhibited diminished expression of ghr2, pept1a, pept1b, slc7a9, and glut2 compared with intact and sham-operated controls, only ghr2, pept1a, pept1b and glut2 levels were restored by GH replacement. Our findings indicate that GH supports growth, at least in part, by stimulating the gene expression of its cognate receptor and key nutrient transporters in the intestine.
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    General and Comparative Endocrinology, 292, 113464
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    Accepted Manuscript
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