Sex-specific responses to growth hormone and luteinizing hormone in a model teleost, the Mozambique tilapia
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Sex-specific responses to growth hormone and luteinizing hormone in a model teleost, the Mozambique tilapia

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  • Journal Title:
    General and Comparative Endocrinology
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    Across the vertebrate lineage, sexual dimorphism in body size is a common phenomenon that results from trade-offs between growth and reproduction. To address how key hormones that regulate growth and reproduction interact in teleost fishes, we studied Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) to determine whether the activities of luteinizing hormone (Lh) are modulated by growth hormone (Gh), and conversely, whether targets of Gh are affected by the presence of Lh. In particular, we examined how gonadal morphology and specific gene transcripts responded to ovine GH (oGH) and/or LH (oLH) in hypophysectomized male and female tilapia. Hypophysectomized females exhibited a diminished gonadosomatic index (GSI) concomitant with ovarian follicular atresia. The combination of oGH and oLH restored GSI and ovarian morphology to conditions observed in sham-operated controls. A similar pattern was observed for GSI in males. In control fish, gonadal gh receptor (ghr2) and estrogen receptor β (erβ) expression was higher in females versus males. A combination of oGH and oLH restored erβ and arβ in females. In males, testicular insulin-like growth factor 3 (igf3) expression was reduced following hypophysectomy and subsequently restored to control levels by either oGH or oLH. By contrast, the combination of both hormones was required to recover ovarian igf3 expression in females. In muscle, ghr2 expression was more responsive to oGH in males versus females. In the liver of hypophysectomized males, igf2 expression was diminished by both oGH and oLH; there was no effect of hypophysectomy, oGH, or oLH on igf2 expression in females. Collectively, our results indicate that gene transcripts associated with growth and reproduction exhibit sex-specific responses to oGH and oLH. These responses reflect, at least in part, how hormones mediate trade-offs between growth and reproduction, and thus sexual dimorphism, in teleost fishes.
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    General and Comparative Endocrinology, 329, 114119
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