Circulating insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in fish: Their identities and physiological regulation
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Circulating insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in fish: Their identities and physiological regulation

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  • Journal Title:
    General and Comparative Endocrinology
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    Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) play crucial roles in regulating the availability of IGFs to receptors and prolong the half-lives of IGFs. There are six IGFBPs present in the mammalian circulation with IGFBP-3 being most abundant. In mammals IGFBP-3 is the major carrier of circulating IGFs, facilitated by forming a ternary complex with IGF and an acid-labile subunit (ALS). IGFBP-1 is generally inhibitory to IGF action by preventing it from interacting with its receptors. In teleosts, the third-round of vertebrate whole genome duplication created paralogs of each IGFBP, except IGFBP-4. In the fish circulation, three major IGFBPs are typically detected at molecular ranges of 20–25, 28–32 and 40–50 kDa. However, their identities are not well established. Three major circulating IGFBPs in Chinook salmon have been identified through protein purification and cDNA cloning. Salmon 28- and 22-kDa IGFBPs are co-orthologs of IGFBP-1, termed IGFBP-1a and -1b, respectively. They are induced under catabolic conditions such as stress and fasting but their responses are somewhat different, with IGFBP-1b being the most sensitive of the two. Cortisol stimulates production and secretion of these IGFBP-1 subtypes while, unlike in mammals, insulin may not be a primary suppressor. Salmon 41-kDa IGFBP, a major carrier of IGF-I, is not IGFBP-3, as might be expected extrapolating from mammals, but is in fact IGFBP-2b. Salmon IGFBP-2b levels in plasma are high when fish are fed, and GH treatment increases its circulating levels similar to mammalian IGFBP-3. These findings suggest that salmon IGFBP-2b acquired the role and regulation similar to mammalian IGFBP-3. Multiple replications of fish IGFBPs offer a unique opportunity to investigate molecular evolution of IGFBPs.
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    General and Comparative Endocrinology, 252, 150-161
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    Accepted Manuscript
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