Southern Africa's fishing industry, 1975-76
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Southern Africa's fishing industry, 1975-76

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    The fishing industry of the Republic of South Africa and Namibia in 1975 was characterized by rising costs and declining catches of several species. Hake catches declined, partly because of a severe winter and the 110-mm mesh size that was imposed on South African and foreign fishermen by the International Commission for the Southeast Atlantic Fisheries (ICSEAF). It set the maximum sustainable yield of the hake resource at 950,000 t, of which no more than 800,000 t were to be taken along the West Coast. Fifteen nations were active in the southeastern Atlantic in 1975, including USSR, Spain, Japan, and Poland. In Walvis Bay, the production of canned pilchards declined in 1976 because of abnormal weather and Government restrictions on landings. Pilchard landings to the south, in waters off the Republic, however, more than doubled in 1976. Anchovy landings declined while snoek catches were the best ever recorded. Catches of West Coast rock lobster were good in the Republic, but poor in Namibia. Foreign fishing on the South Coast lobster grounds prompted the Government to enact new regulations to protect the resource. South African shrimping off Mozambique was discontinued, and whaling was stopped in 1975 because severe quota reductions made whaling unprofitable.
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