The effect of atmospheric aerosol on climate with special reference to surface temperature
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

All these words:

For very narrow results

This exact word or phrase:

When looking for a specific result

Any of these words:

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

None of these words:

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields



Publication Date Range:


Document Data


Document Type:






Clear All

Query Builder

Query box

Clear All

For additional assistance using the Custom Query please check out our Help Page


The effect of atmospheric aerosol on climate with special reference to surface temperature

Filetype[PDF-51.50 MB]

Select the Download button to view the document
This document is over 5mb in size and cannot be previewed


  • Personal Author:
  • Description:
    A generalized model of the effect of thin atmospheric aerosol on the terrestrial heat budget is proposed, and applied to the problem of estimating the impact of aerosol on temperatures near the earth1s surface. The distinction between warming and cooling near the surface attributable to aerosol is found on the basis of this model to depend on whether the ratio of absorption (a) to backscatter (b) of incoming solar radiation by the aerosol is greater or less than the critical ratio (a/b)Q = C(l-A)(1-Ak)/[D(14A)-C(1-A)], where A is the surface albedo, C is the fraction of sensible to total (sensible plus latent) solar heating of the surface, D is the fraction of aerosol that is in convective contact with the surface, and k is a multiple of b that measures the relative aerosol backscattering efficiency with respect to solar radiation reflected upward from the surface.

    A distinction is drawn between stratospheric aerosol (D = 0) which generally cools climate near the surface, and tropospheric aerosol (D—> 1) which may either cool or warm climate near the surface depending on various properties of the aerosol and of the surface itself. Over moist surfaces, such as vegetation areas and oceans, the critical ratio (a/b)Q is of order 0.1.Over drier surfaces, such as deserts and urban areas, (a/b)^ is of order unity. If the actual ratio a/b of most tropospheric aerosols is of order unity, as inferred by previous authors, then the dominant effect of such aerosols is to warm climate except over deserts and urban areas where the effect is somewhat marginal between warming and cooling.

    Further climatic effects of aerosol are found likely to include a slight decrease of cloudiness and precipitation, and an increase of nplanetaryn albedo above the oceans although not necessarily above the continents. Suggestions by several previous authors that the apparent worldwide cooling of climate in recent decades is attributable to large-scale increases of particulate pollution of the atmosphere by human activities are not supported by this analysis.

  • Document Type:
  • Rights Information:
    Public domain
  • Compliance:
  • Main Document Checksum:
  • File Type:

Supporting Files

  • No Additional Files

More +

You May Also Like

Checkout today's featured content at

Version 3.26