Shipping Through an Arctic Council Lens
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Shipping Through an Arctic Council Lens

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  • Journal Title:
    The Coast Guard Journal of Safety & Security at Sea Proceedings
  • Personal Author:
  • NOAA Program & Office:
  • Description:
    Over the last few decades, diminishing Arctic sea ice has coincided with a modest but notableincrease in the region’s marine activity. Between 2013 and 2019, the number of ships entering theArctic—as defi ned by the International Maritime Organization’s International Code for ShipsOperating in Polar Waters, or the Polar Code—increased by 25 percent, from 1,298 ships to 1,628ships. The total distance sailed by ships in the Arctic during this period increased by 75 percent,from 6.5 million nautical miles to 10.7 million nautical miles.1 Even with this increase, Arctic shiptraffi c is comparatively lower than other regions of the world—at least for now. Most Arctic shiptraffi c is also seasonal, taking place during summer months when the sea ice retreats. During wintermonths, when much of the Arctic Ocean ices over, Arctic ship traffi c dwindles. However, as globalpopulations, national economies, and maritime trade grow, and as the annual average extent ofArctic sea ice trends lower, regional ship traffi c will undoubtedly increase in the coming years.
  • Source:
    Proceedings, 78(1), 40-45
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    CC BY
  • Compliance:
    Submitted
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