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Prospective Design, Rapid Prototyping, and Testing of Smart Dressings, Drug Delivery Patches, and Replacement Body Parts Using Microscopy Aided Design and ManufacturE (MADAME)
  • Published Date:
  • Source:
    Front. Med., 13 December 2018
Filetype[PDF-3.39 MB]

  • Description:
    Natural materials exhibit smart properties including gradients in biophysical properties that engender higher order functions, as well as stimuli-responsive properties which integrate sensor and/or actuator capacities. Elucidation of mechanisms underpinning such smart material properties (i), and translation of that understanding (ii), represent two of the biggest challenges in emulating natural design paradigms for design and manufacture of disruptive materials, parts, and products. Microscopy Aided Design And ManufacturE (MADAME) stands for a computer-aided additive manufacturing platform that incorporates multidimensional (multi-D) printing and computer-controlled weaving. MADAME enables the creation of composite design motifs emulating e.g., patterns of woven protein fibers as well as gradients in different caliber porosities, mechanical, and molecular properties, found in natural tissues, from the skin on bones (periosteum) to tree bark. Insodoing, MADAME provides a means to manufacture a new genre of smart materials, products and replacement body parts that exhibit advantageous properties both under the influence of as well as harnessing dynamic mechanical loads to activate material properties (mechanoactive properties). This Technical Report introduces the MADAME technology platform and its associated machine-based workflow (pipeline), provides basic technical background of the novel technology and its applications, and discusses advantages and disadvantages of the approach in context of current 3 and 4D printing platforms.
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