Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle (Lepidochelys Kempii) 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation
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Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle (Lepidochelys Kempii) 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation

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    A 5-year review is a periodic analysis of a species’ status conducted to ensure that the listing classification of a species as threatened or endangered on the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants (List) (50 CFR 17.11 – 17.12) is accurate. The 5-year review is required by section 4(c)(2) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA). To achieve this, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) Office of Protected Resources led the 5-year review with input from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). The draft document was distributed to NMFS regional offices and science centers and FWS regional and field offices for their review and edits, which were incorporated where appropriate. Concurrently, the 5-year review was reviewed by six peer reviewers (Charles Caillouet, Jr., Ph.D., Laura Sarti, Ph.D.; Jeffrey Schmid, Ph.D.; Donna Shaver, Ph.D.; Kimberly Reich, Ph.D.; Thane Wibbels, Ph.D.). Information sources include the final rule listing this species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA); the Bi-National recovery plan; peer reviewed publications; unpublished field observations by the Services, States, and other experienced biologists; unpublished survey reports; and notes and communications from other qualified biologists. The public notice for this review was published on October 10, 2012, with a 60-day comment period (77 FR 61573). Comments received were incorporated as appropriate into the 5-year review. The information on the Kemp’s ridley biology and habitat, threats, and conservation efforts were summarized and analyzed in light of the recovery criteria and the ESA section 4(a)(1) factors (see Section to determine whether a reclassification or delisting is warranted (see Section 3.0).
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