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Lillehammer 1994 : an Olympic climatology
  • Published Date:
Filetype[PDF-548.10 KB]

  • Corporate Authors:
    National Climatic Data Center (U.S.), Research Customer Service Group,
  • Description:
    "Norway is predominantly a rugged highland with extensive mountain areas, long coastlines with deep fiords, and steep interior valleys. Icefields and glaciers cover portions of the higher elevations. Norway extends for about 1100 miles from south to north between 58 and 71 degrees north latitude and has an area of 125,000 square miles (324,000 sq km)--about the size of New Mexico. The highest mountains are located in the south (west of Lillehammer) where numerous peaks exceed 6000 feet (1830 meters). The mountains extend all the way to the coast in many sections, forming deep fiords. Lillehammer lies at an elevation of 794 feet (242 meters), but with much higher elevations to the west. Lillehammer's northern latitude of 61 degrees North restricts the amount and intensity of sunlight during the winter months. The sun in February is low on the horizon and the intensity of daylight is weak with the maximum number of hours of daylight being seven. However, the period of twilight is often protracted during clear sky conditions. The climate of Norway is primarily controlled by the moist winds which often accompany storm systems moving in from the west. These westerly winds are relatively warm due to their passage across the waters of the North Atlantic. On average, the ocean water temperature off coastal Norway is about 10 degrees Fahrenheit (F) warmer than average for this latitude--a direct influence of the Gulf Stream. These winds have their most pronounced affect on the coast and along the western slopes of the mountains. In these areas, precipitation is frequent and often heavy, with rain often occurring along the coast and snow falling in the mountains. Annual precipitation at some of these locations often exceeds 80 inches (203 centimeters)"--Narrative discussion.

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