History of weather observing in Washington, D.C. 1821-1950
Corporate Authors:Climate Database Modernization Program (U.S.)
Meteorological Instruments/History/Washington (D.C.)
Meteorological Services/History/Washington (D.C.)
Meteorological Stations/History/Washington (D.C.)
Weather Forecasting/History/Washington (D.C.)
Description:"The goal of this study is to document the primary weather observational path at Washington DC leading to the Weather Bureau observing program in the first half of the 20th Century. Descriptions of Washington DC weather observations since around 1950 are available through easily obtainable climatic records, with the challenge being to identify and define the roots of the path that began in the 1800s and continued through times of significant transition in the early 1900s. Extrinsic observations, i.e., those by Smithsonian and Voluntary (or Cooperative) observers, are considered in relation to the beginning of the central observational stream eventually established by the Army surgeons, Signal Service, or Weather Bureau. This does not minimize the importance of these collateral observations, but rather to focus on the original events that led to the routine, formal weather observing program of modern times"--P. 2.
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