Performance of the HWRF Rapid Intensification Analog Ensemble (HWRF RI-AnEn) during the 2017 and 2018 HFIP Real-Time Demonstrations
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Performance of the HWRF Rapid Intensification Analog Ensemble (HWRF RI-AnEn) during the 2017 and 2018 HFIP Real-Time Demonstrations

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  • Journal Title:
    Weather and Forecasting
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    The performance of the Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) Model Rapid Intensification Analog Ensemble (RI-AnEn) is evaluated for real-time forecasts made during the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)’s 2018 Hurricane Forecast Improvement Program (HFIP) demonstration. Using a variety of assessment tools (Brier skill score, reliability diagrams, ROC curves, ROC skill scores), RI-AnEn is shown to perform competitively compared to both the deterministic HWRF and current operational probabilistic RI forecast aids. The assessment is extended to include forecasts from the 2017 HFIP demonstration and shows that RI-AnEn is the only model with significant RI forecast skill at all lead times in the Atlantic and eastern Pacific basins. Though RI-AnEn is overconfident in its RI forecasts, it is generally well calibrated for all lead times. Furthermore, significance testing indicates that for the 2017–18 Atlantic and eastern Pacific sample, RI-AnEn is more skillful than HWRF at all lead times and better than most of the other probabilistic guidance at 48 and 72 h. ROC curves reveal that RI-AnEn offers a good combination of sensitivity and specificity, performing comparably to SHIPS-RII at all lead times in both basins. With respect to specific high-impact cases from the 2018 Atlantic season, performance of RI-AnEn ranges from excellent (Hurricane Michael) to poor (Hurricane Florence). The multiyear assessment and results for two high-impact case studies from 2018 indicate that, while promising, RI-AnEn requires further work to refine its performance as well as to accurately situate its effectiveness relative to other RI forecasts aids.
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    Weather and Forecasting, 35(3), 841-856
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