Environmental and ecological changes influence lifetime trends of reproduction, stress, and stable isotopes reconstructed from female yelloweye rockfish opercula
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Environmental and ecological changes influence lifetime trends of reproduction, stress, and stable isotopes reconstructed from female yelloweye rockfish opercula

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  • Journal Title:
    ICES Journal of Marine Science
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  • Description:
    Climate change threatens fisheries health through changing ecosystem dynamics; however, the impacts on the physiology and ecology of commercial fish populations are unclear. Here, annually deposited growth increments of female yelloweye rockfish (Sebastes ruberrimus) opercula collected in the Gulf of Alaska were used to successfully reconstruct lifetime (∼1-year resolution) steroid hormone, stable isotope, spawning, and stress data. We assessed how hormone profiles, spawning and distress frequencies related to sea surface temperature (SST), chlorophyll a concentrations as well as climate indices. Further, we assessed whether incorporating indicators of foraging depth and diet, stable isotope values (ẟ13C and ẟ15N), would improve model interpretations. Progesterone and estradiol concentrations decreased with increasing SST, suggesting that increasing SSTs may negatively impact juvenile and subadult females’ reproductive development. Spawning frequency was positively linked to changes in the North Pacific Gyre Oscillation (NPGO) index, potentially timed with favorable conditions for larval survival. This was supported by juveniles having a lower probability of a distress event during positive NPGO years compared to negative NPGO years. While relationships among environmental data and yelloweye rockfish physiology were weak, this study provides insight into the environmental impacts on the lifetime reproduction and stress of a commercially important teleost species.
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    ICES Journal of Marine Science, 80(5), 1500-1515
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    1054-3139;1095-9289;
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    CC BY
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    Library
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