The Event-specific Geomorphological Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph (E-GIUH): The basin hydrological response characteristic of a flood event
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The Event-specific Geomorphological Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph (E-GIUH): The basin hydrological response characteristic of a flood event

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  • Journal Title:
    Journal of Hydrology
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  • Description:
    In the field of hydrology, the Geomorphological Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph (GIUH) is central to describing a watershed response. The application of GIUH is extended to individual hydrological events by accounting for the influence of rainfall spatial distribution. A method is proposed herein to identify the Geomorphological Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph specific to each flood event (i.e. E-GIUH), when runoff of effective rainfall is the dominant process. The E-GIUH is derived from observational data, namely: rainfall field time series, and a hydrograph. Such an identification process is formulated as an inverse problem with parameters such as the E-GIUH velocity and coefficient of dispersion, as well as the hyetograph of rainfall excess. The proposed method is applied to several flood events across two mountainous catchments within the Cevennes-Vivarais Mediterranean Hydrometeorological Observatory territory prone to flash flooding. Results indicate that the E-GIUHs display significant variability over the two basins, and the E-GIUH parameters appear to be correlated with the flood event magnitude. The E-GIUH synthetizes the basin response to rain forcing and can be considered as a signature of flood events. A sensitivity study suggests that E-GIUH identification is fairly robust, even with respect to the a priori hyetograph of effective rainfall.
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    Journal of Hydrology, 603, 127158
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    0022-1694
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    Accepted Manuscript
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    Library
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