Diet and Temperature Effects on the Survival of Larval Red Deep-Sea Crabs, Chaceon quinquedens (Smith, 1879), under Laboratory Conditions
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Diet and Temperature Effects on the Survival of Larval Red Deep-Sea Crabs, Chaceon quinquedens (Smith, 1879), under Laboratory Conditions

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  • Journal Title:
    Journal of Marine Science and Engineering
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  • Description:
    Declines in commercial crustacean species (such as lobsters, king crab, etc.) have caused an increased interest in the harvest of the red deep-sea crab Chaceon quinquedens. The red deep-sea crab is a federally managed fishery; however, little is known about the species’ general biology, especially the conditions required for larval survival. We aimed to answer two main questions about the life history of the red deep-sea crab. First, is there a common larval hatching pattern between adult female crabs? Specifically, our inquiries are about the duration of the hatching process, daily peak hatching time, and the relationship between female morphometry and the total larvae hatched. Second, which are the factors affecting the survival and development of larval red deep-sea crabs? In order to answer these research questions, we studied the effects of diet (rotifers, Artemia sp., algae, and unfed), temperature (9 °C, 15 °C, and 20 °C), and aquaculture settings. Ovigerous females were obtained from commercial traps and transported to the NOAA James J. Howard Laboratory, NJ. They were placed in the Females Husbandry and Hatching Collection System (FHCS), where the larvae hatched. Hatching of adult females was monitored and measured by volume. A simple linear regression (SLR) was calculated to predict the number of larvae hatched based on the measured volumes, and it was significant (F = 1196; df = 1, 13; R2 = 0.9892, p = 3.498 × 10−14). Duration of hatching period showed an approximate 30 days for adult females red deep-sea crabs, with a common daily maximum hatching time at 22:00 hrs (hatching time seem to follow the sun cycle and the first hours after sunset, Perez, pers. observation). Linear polynomial quadratic regressions were conducted for both years with an interaction term for the two continuous variables (diet and temperature), and were used to model the proportion of larval survival through time. In both years, a highly significant difference was obtained (F = 56.15; df = 4, 2134; R2 = 0.09353; p = < 2.2 × 10−16). There is an effect of diet and temperature in the survival of red deep-sea crabs, but not a combined effect of them.
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    Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 11(5), 1064
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    2077-1312
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    CC BY
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    Library
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