| Revised stock boundaries for false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) in Hawaiian waters - :5049 | National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
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Revised stock boundaries for false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) in Hawaiian waters
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Revised stock boundaries for false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) in Hawaiian waters
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    Three populations of false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) have been identified in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone of the Hawaiian Archipelago (Hawaiian EEZ): 1) a main Hawaiian Islands (MHI) insular population, 2) a pelagic population, and 3) a Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) population. Spatially-explicit stock boundaries are needed to assess and manage each population. New data, primarily satellite telemetry data, were collected that indicate the existing stock boundaries should be refined. These data were used by the False Killer Whale Stock Boundary Revision Working Group to establish revised, scientifically-defensible stock boundaries that appropriately reflect uncertainty and are robust to routine inputs from ongoing data collection. For each stock, several stock boundary options were identified by the Working Group and reviewed by the Pacific Scientific Review Group before the revised stock boundaries were finalized. The MHI insular stock boundary was changed from a uniform 140-km radius around the MHI to a minimum convex polygon bounded around a 72-km radius of the MHI, resulting in a boundary shape that reflects greater offshore use in the leeward portion of the MHI. While the wide-ranging pelagic stock continues to be assessed within the Hawaiian EEZ, the inner stock boundary was reduced from a 40-km to an 11-km radius around the MHI, a result of individuals occurring closer to shore than previously observed. The NWHI stock boundary largely remained the area of the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument extended to include a 50-nmi radius around Kaua'i, although 2 vertices were removed to widen the eastern portion, accounting for movement outside of the existing boundary. The following report summarizes the stock boundary revision process for the 3 false killer populations. Additionally, because the stock boundary placement affects the line-transect abundance estimates of the pelagic and NWHI stocks and the proration of false killer whale bycatch, the report also provides updated abundance estimates for pelagic and NWHI false killer whales and outlines a revised approach for bycatch proration. [doi:10.7289/V5DF6P6J (http://dx.doi.org/10.7289/V5DF6P6J)]

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