International trade in coral and coral reef species: the role of the United States
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

For very narrow results

When looking for a specific result

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields



Document Data
Clear All
Clear All

For additional assistance using the Custom Query please check out our Help Page


International trade in coral and coral reef species: the role of the United States

Filetype[PDF-20.61 MB]

Select the Download button to view the document
This document is over 5mb in size and cannot be previewed


  • Alternative Title:
    Report of the Trade Subgroup of the International Working Group to the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force
  • Corporate Authors:
  • NOAA Program & Office:
  • Description:
    Presently, hundreds of thousands of kilograms of hard corals and live rock, and 15 to 20 million coral reeffishes are traded each year for use in marine aquaria - over 1000 different species are in the trade. Localized depletion of certain species due to commercial collection has already occurred. Improper transportation, handling and husbandry oflive coral reef species for aquaria may also be leading to high mortality rates and unsustainable trade. Sustainability concerns will only increase with the growing international trade. Concern about the impact that the trade in marine ornamentals is having on reefs and the viability ofthe industry has recently brought members ofthe marine aquarium industry together with environmental organizations to try to address these impacts. Their goal is to promote responsible collection, handling and transportation of coral reef animals within the industry. The following report examines the nature and extent of threats to reefs related to the international trade in coral reef resources, assesses the role ofthe United States in the trade, describes current relevant activities of the U. S., and recommends strategies and actions to address these threats.
  • Keywords:
  • Format:
  • Document Type:
  • Place as Subject:
  • License:
  • Rights Information:
    CC0 Public Domain
  • Compliance:
  • Main Document Checksum:
  • Download URL:
  • File Type:

Supporting Files

  • No Additional Files
More +

You May Also Like

Checkout today's featured content at

Version 3.26.1