A Wanderer in the Mediterranean Sea: The Case of a Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) from the West Indies
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A Wanderer in the Mediterranean Sea: The Case of a Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) from the West Indies

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  • Journal Title:
    Aquatic Mammals
  • Description:
    The humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae; the North Atlantic Humpback Whale Catalogue Borowski, 1781) is a cosmopolitan species found in (NAHWC) has identified and catalogued nearly all oceans with distinct populations. These whales 11,000 individuals from all major areas of hump-can cross the equator and perform one of the longest back aggregation, thanks to photos submitted by migrations among marine mammals (Stone et al., more than 700 international contributors from 1990; Stevick et al., 2011). In the North Atlantic, a throughout the North Atlantic. The NAHWC is population estimate of > 11,000 indicates substan-maintained at Allied Whale (College of the Atlantic, tial recovery after the end of commercial hunting Bar Harbor, ME, USA; www.coa.edu/allied-whale). (Stevick et al., 2003). In winter, large concentra-No photographic matches have been documented tions of humpbacks can be found breeding/calv-between Cape Verde whales and those in the west-ing in the West Indies, from Mouchoir, Silver, and ern North Atlantic feeding grounds (Wenzel et al., Navidad Banks to SamanĂ¡ Bay in the Dominican 2009, 2020; Stevick et al., 2016, 2018), supporting Republic (Winn et al., 1975; Smith et al., 1999; the hypothesis that humpbacks from Cape Verde Kennedy et al., 2013), the southeastern Caribbean constitute a Distinct (breeding) Population Segment (Stevick et al., 2018), and the Cape Verde archi-(DPS), estimated to be about 300 whales (Wenzel pelago (Hazevoet & Wenzel, 2000; Wenzel et al., et al., 2020). Although wide movements have been 2009, 2020; Ryan et al., 2013, 2014). Whales documented between feeding aggregations of dis-migrating from the Dominican Republic have been tances ranging from 900 to 1,300 km (Stevick found in the higher latitude feeding grounds of the et al., 2006), four individuals have been recaptured Gulf of Maine, Newfoundland, Labrador, Gulf between the breeding areas of Guadeloupe (south-of St. Lawrence, West Greenland, Iceland, and eastern Caribbean) and Cape Verde, a distance o
  • Source:
    Aquatic Mammals 2021, 47(6), 599-611
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    Accepted Manuscript
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