How large are temporal representativeness errors in paleoclimatology?
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How large are temporal representativeness errors in paleoclimatology?

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  • Journal Title:
    Climate of the Past Discussions
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    Ongoing work in paleoclimate reconstruction prioritizes understanding the origins and magnitudes of errors that arise when comparing models and data. One class of such errors arises from assumptions of proxy temporal representativeness broadly, the time scales over which paleoclimate proxy measurements are associated with climate variables. In the case of estimating time mean values over an interval, errors can arise when the time interval over which data are averaged and the interval that is being studied have different lengths, or if those intervals are offset from one another in time. Because it is challenging to tailor proxy measurements to precise time intervals, such errors are expected to be common in model-data and data-data comparisons, but how large and prevalent they are is unclear. The goal of this work is to provide a framework for first-order quantification of temporal representativity errors and to study the interacting effects of sampling error, archive smoothing (e.g. by bioturbation in sediment cores), chronological offsets and errors (e.g. arising from radiocarbon dating), and 10 the spectral character of the climate process being sampled.
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    Clim. Past Discuss.
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    CC BY
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