Extreme rainfall events over Accra, Ghana, in recent years
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Extreme rainfall events over Accra, Ghana, in recent years

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  • Journal Title:
    Remote Sensing Earth System Sciences
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  • Description:
    This study examines the recent changes in extreme rainfall events over Accra, Ghana. For this study, an extreme rainfall event is defined as a day with rainfall equal to or exceeding the 1980–2019 95th percentile. Knowing extreme rainfall events help to identify the years with the likelihood of rainfall-related disasters in Accra. In addition, it helps to identify the years with the likelihood of drought or severe dryness which are critical for the livelihoods and economic activities of the people. The study used rainfall data from rain gauge for Accra and satellite-derived winds at the 850 hPa level over southern Ghana from 1980 to 2019. It compares these climatic parameters for both pre-2000 and post-2000 to find out the changes that have occurred throughout the study period. Results show that the frequency and magnitude of extreme rainfall have generally increased during the post-2000 period than during the pre-2000 period, causing increases in mortalities and damages to properties. Seasonally, extreme rainfall events were most intense in July during the pre-2000 period but have changed to June during the post-2000 period. Notably, more intense rainfall events have also occurred during post-2000 winter than pre-2000 winter, consistent with increased warming in the study area. Monthly mean meridional winds at the 850 hPa level were stronger (weaker) in the northerly (southerly) direction during the pre-2000 period but have changed to be stronger (weaker) in the southerly (northerly) direction during the post-2000 period.
  • Source:
    Remote Sens Earth Syst Sci 5, 71–82 (2022)
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    Accepted Manuscript
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