A Fetch-Based Statistical Method to Bias Correct and Downscale Wind Speed over Unresolved Water Bodies
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A Fetch-Based Statistical Method to Bias Correct and Downscale Wind Speed over Unresolved Water Bodies

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  • Journal Title:
    Weather and Forecasting
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  • Description:
    This paper presents a method to bias correct and downscale wind speed over water bodies that are unresolved by numerical weather prediction (NWP) models and analyses. The dependency of wind speeds over water bodies to fetch length is investigated as a predictor of model wind speed error. Because model bias is found to be related to the forecast wind direction, a statistical method that uses the forecast fetch to remove wind speed bias is developed and tested. The method estimates wind speed bias using recent forecast errors from similar stations (i.e., those with comparable fetch lengths). As a result, the bias correction is not tied to local observations but instead to locations with similar land–water characteristics. Thus, it can also be used to downscale wind fields over inland and coastal water bodies. The fetch method is compared to four reference bias correction methods using one year’s worth of wind speed output from three NWP analyses in Florida. The fetch method yields a bias error near zero and results in a reduction of the mean absolute error that is comparable to the reference methods. The fetch method is then used to bias correct and downscale a coarse analysis to 500-m grid spacing over a coastal estuary in central Florida.
  • Source:
    Weather and Forecasting, 32(4), 1637-1657
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