Impact of Assimilating Ground-Based and Airborne Radar Observations for the Analysis and Prediction of the Eyewall Replacement Cycle of Hurricane Matthew (2016) using HWRF hybrid EnVar System.
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Impact of Assimilating Ground-Based and Airborne Radar Observations for the Analysis and Prediction of the Eyewall Replacement Cycle of Hurricane Matthew (2016) using HWRF hybrid EnVar System.

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  • Journal Title:
    Monthly Weather Review
  • Description:
    In this study, hourly data assimilation (DA) cycling is performed during a 24-h time period for Hurricane Matthew (2016), assimilating ground-based (GBR) and tail-Doppler radar (TDR) observations together, as well as separately using HWRF and its Hybrid 3DEnVar DA system. The objective is to examine the impacts of assimilating such data on the analysis and prediction of the weakening and re-intensification stages of the eyewall replacement cycle (ERC) of Matthew. Experiments assimilating GBR observations make quicker corrections to the initially inconsistent storm structure than does the TDR experiment, resulting in the primary and secondary eyewalls being realistically represented during the DA cycling period. The TDR experiment analyses show less-realistic concentric eyewall structure before, during, and after TDR observations become available. The forecasts from experiments assimilating GBR observations show more-realistic structural and point intensity changes for the ERC consistently throughout the cycling period when compared with the experiments assimilating TDR observations. Combined assimilation of GBR and TDR observations show similar ERC forecasts, on average, to the GBR experiment. The superior performance of the GBR experiments is shown to be tied to its earlier and longer availability despite its limited low-level coverage especially at the early stage of the cycling. The inferior performance of the TDR experiments even during the availability of TDR is hypothesized to be a result of rapidly changing 3D observational coverage during the high-frequency cycling. Brief mechanism diagnostics additionally suggest the need of properly initializing the TC concentric eyewalls to capture the ERC during the forecasts.
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  • Source:
    Monthly Weather Review, 150(5), 1157-1175
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    Submitted
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