A Comparison of HWRF Six-Hourly 4DEnVar and Hourly 3DEnVar Assimilation of Inner Core Tail Doppler Radar Observations for the Prediction of Hurricane Edouard (2014).
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A Comparison of HWRF Six-Hourly 4DEnVar and Hourly 3DEnVar Assimilation of Inner Core Tail Doppler Radar Observations for the Prediction of Hurricane Edouard (2014).

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  • Journal Title:
    Atmosphere
  • NOAA Program & Office:
  • Description:
    Six-hourly three-dimensional ensemble variational (3DEnVar) (6H-3DEnVar) data assimilation (DA) assumes constant background error covariance (BEC) during a six-hour DA window and is, therefore, unable to account for temporal evolution of the BEC. This study evaluates the one-hourly 3DEnVar (1H-3DEnVar) and six-hourly 4DEnVar (6H-4DEnVar) DA methods for the analyses and forecasts of hurricanes with rapidly evolving BEC. Both methods account for evolving BEC in a hybrid EnVar DA system. In order to compare these methods, experiments are conducted by assimilating inner core Tail Doppler Radar (TDR) wind for Hurricane Edouard (2014) and by running the Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) model. In most metrics, 1H-3DEnVar and 6H-4DEnVar analyses and forecasts verify better than 6H-3DEnVar. 6H-4DEnVar produces better thermodynamic analyses than 1H-3DEnVar. Radar reflectivity shows that 1H-3DEnVar produces better structure forecasts. For the first 24–48 h of the intensity forecast, 6H-4DEnVar forecast performs better than 1H-3DEnVar verified against the best track. Degraded 1H-3DEnVar forecasts are found to be associated with background storm center location error as a result of underdispersive ensemble storm center spread. Removing location error in the background improves intensity forecasts of 1H-3DEnVar.
  • Source:
    Atmosphere 2021, 12(8), 942
  • Document Type:
  • Rights Information:
    CC BY
  • Compliance:
    Submitted
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  • File Type:

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