The Effects of Heterogeneous Surface Roughness on Boundary Layer Kinematics and Wind Shear
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

All these words:

For very narrow results

This exact word or phrase:

When looking for a specific result

Any of these words:

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

None of these words:

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields



Publication Date Range:


Document Data


Document Type:






Clear All

Query Builder

Query box

Clear All

For additional assistance using the Custom Query please check out our Help Page


The Effects of Heterogeneous Surface Roughness on Boundary Layer Kinematics and Wind Shear

Filetype[PDF-2.66 MB]


  • Journal Title:
    E-Journal fo Sever Storms Meteorology
  • NOAA Program & Office:
  • Description:
    Different types of land cover are associated with different surface roughness, which produce variations in the frictional force on the wind. Therefore, mean wind profiles at low levels often differ markedly over short distances where there is a gradient in surface roughness. Horizontal gradients in surface roughness may produce vertical vorticity, circulation, and horizontal divergence. The effect of roughness on vertical wind shear and storm-relative helicity is also qualitatively important and may lead to large gradients in helicity over short distances. Recent studies also suggest an important role of friction in tornadogenesis.

    We show conceptually and theoretically how gradients in surface roughness produce quasi-ambient convergence and vertical vorticity, and gradients in vertical shear and storm-relative helicity. We then present observational data and numerical simulations that demonstrate the effects of surface roughness on the kinematics and shear of boundary-layer flow, for future work examining the importance of these processes for tornadogenesis.

  • Source:
    Electronic J. Severe Storms Meteor., 16 (3), 1–29
  • Document Type:
  • Rights Information:
    CC BY
  • Compliance:
  • Main Document Checksum:
  • File Type:

Supporting Files

  • No Additional Files

More +

You May Also Like

Checkout today's featured content at

Version 3.26