Annual report on marine biotechnology fiscal year 1989
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Annual report on marine biotechnology fiscal year 1989

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    Research in support of marine biotechnology continued to be an important component of the National Sea Grant College Program in fiscal year 1989. The research, which is largely fundamental in nature, is providing the scientific basis for using marine organisms or their components to provide goods and services. During the last year $2,325,000 in federal funds and $1,793,000 in matching funds supported 59 projects in four categories including biochemistry and pharmacology, molecular biology, biochemical engineering, microbiology and phycology. Notable advances were described in more than 90 recent papers. For example, procedures for genetic engineering of fish were demonstrated, recombinant vaccines for viral diseases of fish were successfully tested, a potent mammalian immunohormone was isolated for the first time from a plant, and a novel bioreactor for studying high pressure-high temperature relationships in bacterial growth and productivity was designed, constructed, and used to study biochemical processes of a methanogenic bacterium from a deep-sea vent. The report describes major new initiatives of Japanese government, industry, and academe to develop marine biotechnology as a basis for economic growth in the twenty-first century. It discusses other issues and suggests opportunities and needs for future research.
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