Identifying community risk factors for quota share loss
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Identifying community risk factors for quota share loss

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  • Journal Title:
    Ocean Coastal Management
  • Description:
    Catch share programs have been shown to be effective at addressing overcapitalization in fisheries (Arnason, 1996; Casey et al., 1995; Campbell et al., 2000; Grafton et al., 2000), but researchers are increasingly documenting some adverse impacts of the resultant consolidation and the loss of access opportunities from high entry costs (Olson, 2011; Copes and Charles, 2004; Grimm et al., 2012; Leonard and Steiner, 2017; Ropicki et al., 2018). The associated geographic redistribution of fishing privileges and access rights can have multi-layered economic impacts on fishing communities from losses of employment, income diversification opportunities, tax revenue, and shoreside support businesses and infrastructure (Campbell et al., 2000; Colburn et al., 2017; Copes and Charles, 2004; Eythórsson, 1996, Eythórsson, 2000; Holland and Kasperski, 2016; Holland et al., 2017; Kasperski and Holland, 2013). Catch share programs may also create dichotomies between the program's winners and losers in fishing communities. These imbalances include inter-generational inequities in initial distributions, as well as changing dynamics between vessel owners and crewmembers, which can affect the social bonds in the community (Carothers, 2008, 2015; Carothers et al., 2010; McCay et al., 1995; McCay, 2004;Pálsson and Helgason, 1995). Although such community impacts are receiving increasing attention, specific community attributes, which may contribute to or buffer against losses of fishing privileges, are not well documented. Such information could be used to develop more nuanced management programs that attenuate adverse effects on vulnerable fishing communities. This study identifies potential factors associated with community vulnerability to changing conditions in relation to catch share implementation for the Pacific halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis) fishery, by examining community attributes associated with quota share buying and selling decisions.
  • Source:
    Ocean Coastal Management, 178, 104851
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    Other
  • Compliance:
    Submitted
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