Estimate of daytime single-layer cloud base height from advanced baseline imager measurements
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

All these words:

For very narrow results

This exact word or phrase:

When looking for a specific result

Any of these words:

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

None of these words:

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields



Publication Date Range:


Document Data


Document Type:






Clear All

Query Builder

Query box

Clear All

For additional assistance using the Custom Query please check out our Help Page


Estimate of daytime single-layer cloud base height from advanced baseline imager measurements

Filetype[PDF-19.12 MB]

Select the Download button to view the document
This document is over 5mb in size and cannot be previewed


  • Journal Title:
    Remote Sensing of Environment
  • Description:
    Cloud base height (CBH) is an important parameter to describe cloud state and is highly related to the vertical motions in the atmosphere. CBH information is critical for both aviation safety and synoptic analysis. In this study, daytime CBH is estimated directly from Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R Series (GOES-16) Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) level 1b data and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts' (ECMWF) fifth generation reanalysis (ERA5) data using the Gradient Boosted Regression Trees (GBRT) machine learning technique. The CBH estimate algorithm, which is named as GETCBH, covers the same areal extent as the full disk of the ABI/GOES-16 and only for single-layer clouds. The 2-years of CBH measurements from the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) aboard Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) satellite is used as the label (which is the true value/class of the model output for regression/classification problem in machine learning terminology). A quality flag algorithm using another machine learning technique, the Gradient Boosted Decision Trees machine learning technique is developed to provide a confidence level for the CBH estimate. The evaluations show an overall root mean square error (RMSE) of 1.87 km and Pearson's correlation coefficient (Pearson's r) of 0.92 before any quality control. After excluding CBH estimates with low confidence (19.2% of all samples), the RMSE is reduced to 1.14 km, Pearson's r increases to 0.97, and 96% of the estimates are within 2 km of the CALIOP results. By analyzing model bias and feature importance, cloud phase information has the biggest impact on the CBH estimate, although all input features have positive impact on the estimate accuracy. Limited by the penetrability of CALIOP, GETCBH is valid for clouds with COD < 8.5. The CBH estimates have reduced accuracy (Pearson's r of 0.88) for optically thin clouds (clouds with cloud optical depth [COD] < 0.1) where little cloud information is contained in the ABI measurements, as well as for optically thick clouds (clouds with COD ≥ 3) where a larger proportion of opaque clouds is excluded. Furthermore, for the GBTCBH model using 9 months of CloudSat measurements as label, the CBH estimates are improved with an RMSE of 1.41 km and Pearson's r of 0.92. In a case study of Hurricane Dorian, CBHs for most of the single-layer clouds are successfully estimated with small errors and flagged with high confidence, for both high and low clouds. Deep convective clouds and multi-layer clouds, both of which are not included in the training, are reasonably flagged as low confidence with large CBH estimate errors. In this particular case, 65% of cloudy pixels have CBH estimate with high confidence in the scene. Daytime CBH with high spatial (2 km) and temporal (10 min) resolution can be derived from ABI measurements using this methodology.
  • Source:
    Remote Sensing of Environment, 274: 112970
  • Document Type:
  • Rights Information:
    Accepted Manuscript
  • Compliance:
  • Main Document Checksum:
  • File Type:

Supporting Files

  • No Additional Files

More +

You May Also Like

Checkout today's featured content at

Version 3.26