Effects of Ferrous Iron and Hydrogen Sulfide on Nitrate Reduction in the Sediments of an Estuary Experiencing Hypoxia
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

All these words:

For very narrow results

This exact word or phrase:

When looking for a specific result

Any of these words:

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

None of these words:

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields

Language:

Dates

Publication Date Range:

to

Document Data

Title:

Document Type:

Library

Collection:

Series:

People

Author:

Help
Clear All

Add terms to the query box

Query box

Help
Clear All
i

Effects of Ferrous Iron and Hydrogen Sulfide on Nitrate Reduction in the Sediments of an Estuary Experiencing Hypoxia

Filetype[PDF-804.13 KB]



Details:

  • Journal Title:
    Estuaries and Coasts
  • Description:
    Hypoxia is common feature of eutrophic estuaries and semi-enclosed seas globally. One of the key factors driving hypoxia is nitrogen pollution. To gain more insight into the effects of hypoxia on estuarine nitrogen cycling, we measured potential nitrate reduction rates at different salinities and levels of hypoxia in a eutrophic temperate microtidal estuary, the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, USA. We also tested the effect of hydrogen sulfide and ferrous iron additions on the nitrate reduction pathways. Overall, DNRA dominated over denitrification in this periodically hypoxic estuary and there was no correlation between the potential nitrate reduction rates, salinity, or dissolved oxygen. However, when hypoxia lasted several months, denitrification capacity was almost completely lost, and nearly all nitrate added to the sediment was reduced via DNRA. Additions of hydrogen sulfide stimulated DNRA over denitrification. Additions of ferrous iron stimulated nitrate consumption; however, the end product of nitrate consumption was not clear. Interestingly, substantial nitrous oxide formation occurred in sediments that had experienced prolonged hypoxia and were amended with nitrate. Given expanding hypoxia predicted with climate change scenarios and the increasing nitrate loads to coastal systems, coastal sediments may lose their capability to mitigate nitrogen pollution due to DNRA dominating over denitrification during extended hypoxic periods.
  • Source:
    Estuaries and Coasts 44, 1–12 (2021)
  • DOI:
    https://doi.org/10.
    ; 1007/s12237-020-00783-4 ;
  • Sea Grant Document Number:
    NCU-R-21-003
  • Document Type:
  • Rights Information:
    CC BY
  • Compliance:
    Library
  • Main Document Checksum:
  • File Type:

Supporting Files

  • No Additional Files

More +

You May Also Like

Checkout today's featured content at repository.library.noaa.gov

Version 3.18