NMFS strategic plan for fisheries research
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NMFS strategic plan for fisheries research
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NMFS strategic plan for fisheries research
  • Description:
    "The U.S. EEZ is the largest in the world, encompassing an area 1.7 times greater than the U.S. and territorial landmass (Fig. 1). The EEZ is located from 3 to 200 nautical miles (n.mi.) seaward of the 48 contiguous states, Alaska, Hawaii, and U.S.-affiliated islands (except off Texas, the Florida Gulf Coast, and Puerto Rico, where the EEZ extends from 9 to 200 n.mi.). The EEZ is composed of at least eight Large Marine Ecosystems (North-east and Southeast continental shelf, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, California Current, Insular Pacific Hawaiian, Gulf of Alaska, and Eastern Bering Sea). Fisheries have developed in the United States as each area was settled, either by the aboriginal peoples or by post-Columbian arrivals. Inshore marine fisheries are managed by states, regional Marine Fisheries Commissions, and even municipalities and counties in some areas. Fisheries in the EEZ beyond state jurisdiction (3 n.mi. in most states) are the responsibility of the Federal Government, specifically NMFS, as advised by eight regional Fishery Management Councils (FMCs). Information about this system of management is available at http://www.nmfs. noaa.gov/councils.htm"--Preface.
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