Assessing Marginal Shallow-Water Bathymetric Information Content of Lidar Sounding Attribute Data and Derived Seafloor Geomorphometry
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Assessing Marginal Shallow-Water Bathymetric Information Content of Lidar Sounding Attribute Data and Derived Seafloor Geomorphometry

  • Published Date:

    2021

  • Source:
    Remote Sensing, 13(9)
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Assessing Marginal Shallow-Water Bathymetric Information Content of Lidar Sounding Attribute Data and Derived Seafloor Geomorphometry
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  • Description:
    Shallow-water depth estimates from airborne lidar data might be improved by using sounding attribute data (SAD) and ocean geomorphometry derived from lidar soundings. Moreover, an accurate derivation of geomorphometry would be beneficial to other applications. The SAD examined here included routinely collected variables such as sounding intensity and fore/aft scan direction. Ocean-floor geomorphometry was described by slope, orientation, and pulse orthogonality that were derived from the depth estimates of bathymetry soundings using spatial extrapolation and interpolation. Four data case studies (CSs) located near Key West, Florida (United States) were the testbed for this study. To identify bathymetry soundings in lidar point clouds, extreme gradient boosting (XGB) models were fitted for all seven possible combinations of three variable suites—SAD, derived geomorphometry, and sounding depth. R2 values for the best models were between 0.6 and 0.99, and global accuracy values were between 85% and 95%. Lidar depth alone had the strongest relationship to bathymetry for all but the shallowest CS, but the SAD provided demonstrable model improvements for all CSs. The derived geomorphometry variables contained little bathymetric information. Whereas the SAD showed promise for improving the extraction of bathymetry from lidar point clouds, the derived geomorphometry variables do not appear to describe geomorphometry well.
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