A Bayesian Hydrometeor Classification Algorithm for C-Band Polarimetric Radar
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A Bayesian Hydrometeor Classification Algorithm for C-Band Polarimetric Radar
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  • Source:
    Remote Sens. 2019, 11(16), 1884
Filetype[PDF-4.46 MB]

  • Description:
    A hydrometeor classification algorithm is developed by applying Bayes’ theorem to C-band polarimetric weather radar measurements. The Bayesian hydrometeor classification algorithm (BHCA) includes eight hydrometeor types: hail, rain, graupel, dry snow, wet snow, crystal, biological scatterers (BS) and ground clutter (GC). The conditional likelihood probability distribution functions (PDFs) for each hydrometeor type are constructed with training data from radar observations. The prior PDFs include not only temperature information but also background information about occurrence frequency of hydrometeor types at each altitude, which is incorporated by a hydrometeor classification algorithm for the first time. The BHCA is evaluated by comparing with the Marzano-Bayesian hydrometeor classification algorithm (MBHC) and NCAR fuzzy logic classifier (NFLC). Results show that wet snow is largely missed in MBHC, while crystals are not adequately identified by NFLC. This may be due to the inappropriate conditional likelihood PDFs or membership functions. The prior PDFs in the MBHC may cause unexpected hail due to unreasonable variation above 0 °C. In addition, the prior PDFs of graupel and dry snow in the MBHC appear below −52 °C, which is not realistic. The BHCA proposed in this study overcomes these shortcomings in the prior PDFs and produces an overall reasonable classification product over the Yangtze-Huaihe River Basin (YHRB), Eastern China.
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