Report to Congress: the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Department of Homeland Security’s Report on National Efforts that Support Rapid Response Following Near-Shore Tsunami Events
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Report to Congress: the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Department of Homeland Security’s Report on National Efforts that Support Rapid Response Following Near-Shore Tsunami Events
  • Published Date:

    2018

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  • Description:
    The Department of Commerce’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) prepared this report in coordination with the Department of Homeland Security’s Federal Emergency Management Agency and the United States Geological Survey in response to the following direction provided by the Weather Research and Forecasting Innovation Act of 2017 (PL 115-25). It has been reviewed and edited by the National Guard Bureau. Certain areas of the United States, such as the Cascadia region of the Pacific Northwest (including Northern California), are particularly vulnerable to a near-shore tsunami event. Due to this concern, extensive research, assessment, and planning have been done by multiple Federal agencies and the states over the past three decades. The ability to quickly assess the effects of a domestic near-shore tsunami on people, infrastructure, and communities—and to facilitate rapid emergency response amid logistical and communication challenges unique to this type of event—must be considered within the existing emergency response framework of the United States. The capacity for rapid emergency response to near-shore tsunamis relies upon the existence and maintenance of key observing networks (e.g., seismic and water-level networks) and continued improvement of tsunami modeling techniques. It also relies upon clear plans and robust operational and interoperable communications for efficient situation assessment. Disaster exercises are the primary means to assess the effectiveness of preparedness, mitigation, and response plans. Full-scale exercises test a system from end-to-end. This requires hazard response planning; observation and situational assessment capabilities; systems supporting communications among response personnel and key leaders; and active participation by state and local governments.
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