2012 National Ocean Recreation Expenditure Survey
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2012 National Ocean Recreation Expenditure Survey

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  • Description:
    Residents from across the United States recreate on, in, and in view of our Nation’s oceans and marine coasts. Ocean and coastal areas that include bays, estuaries, coastal wetlands, and saltwater bayous support a wide range of recreation activities from swimming and boating to wildlife viewing and recreational shellfishing. The National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) has a rich tradition of collecting economic, social, and cultural information related to marine recreational finfishing activities across the U.S. In 2012 – 2013, NOAA Fisheries expanded the scope of its research to include non-fishing marine recreation activities, an acknowledgement that increasing our understanding of the broader context within which fishing activities occur provides a more ecosystemfocused perspective to marine resource management.

    The National Ocean Recreation Expenditure Survey (NORES) was implemented to collect data for estimating annual participation (number of people) and effort (number of days) levels, and annual spending associated with a wide range of ocean and coastal activities. Nationwide, it is estimated that nearly 49 million people participated in ocean and coastal recreation in 2012. These individuals enjoyed over 1.2 billion full and partial days along our marine coasts and purchased over $141 billion in ocean recreation-related goods and services. These expenditures supported over 3.1 million full- and part-time jobs, $409 billion in income to businesses, $135 billion to household incomes, and $225 billion to Gross Domestic Product (GDP or the total value of domestic goods and services). This research provides information that supports a more informed ecosystem-based approach to managing our Nation’s marine resources and may contribute to ongoing regional marine spatial planning processes.

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