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Endangered Species Act 5-Year Review Caribbean Monk Seal (Monachus tropicalis)
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    This review was prepared pursuant to section 4(c)(2) of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and in accordance with sections 4(a) and (b) of the ESA following guidance provided in the joint NMFS and U.S. Fish and Wildlife 5-Year Review Guidance and template (http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/pdfs/laws/guidance_5_year_review.pdf). The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) initiated a 5-year review of the Caribbean monk seal (Monachus tropicalis) in November 2006. NMFS convened a four-member status review team to compile and review information to assess the status of the Caribbean monk seal. NMFS solicited information from the public through Federal Register notice (71 FR 39327; November 29, 2006), as well as through personal and written communications with individuals. NMFS considered the solicited information from the public, a literature review, and current information regarding pinniped sightings in the southeast U.S. and Caribbean regions to assess the possibility that this species continues to exist in the wild. To complete the 5-year review, we evaluated all information that has become available on the species since 1984, the date of its last biological status review.
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