| Economic and social characteristics of the Hawaii small boat fishery 2014 - :14653 | National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
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Economic and social characteristics of the Hawaii small boat fishery 2014
  • Published Date:
    2017
Filetype[PDF-2.66 MB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (U.S.)
  • Description:
    "This study profiles the current Hawaii small boat fleet and describes recent fishing experiences, market participation, fishing trip costs, annual fishing fixed costs, and opinions about fisheries management. Fishery management decisions are based, in part, on minimizing adverse economic impacts on fishing communities, making this research vital to the assessment of future ocean management plans and actions. The small boat fishery in Hawaii is important to local communities as it provides jobs for fishing participants, food for local families and communities, and preserves cultural practices. The Hawaii small boat fishery can be described by fishing gear, with major gears including troll, handline for pelagics and bottomfish, spears, and nets. Gear type determines fishing methods and target species. Trolling is the most popular fishing method in the Hawaii small boat fishery and it targets pelagic species like yellowfin tuna, marlin, and mahi-mahi. Other popular fishing methods include bottomfishing targeting opakapaka and onaga, and handline fishing targeting yellowfin tuna and juvenile bigeye tuna. In addition, the Hawaii small boat fishery includes fishermen1 with various levels of participation ranging from full-time commercial, to occasional recreational, to subsistence. Based on the State of Hawaii statistics, the number of participants involved in small boat fishing has increased over the past decade, from 1,587 small boat-based commercial marine license holders in 2003, to 1,843 in 2013 (excluding charter, aquarium, and precious coral fisheries) (State of Hawaii, 2013a). Together, these small boat fishermen produced 6.2 million pounds of fish in 2013, with a commercial value of

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