| Status review of Bryde's whales (Balaenoptera edeni) in the Gulf of Mexico under the Endangered Species Act - :14180 | National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
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Status review of Bryde's whales (Balaenoptera edeni) in the Gulf of Mexico under the Endangered Species Act
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Status review of Bryde's whales (Balaenoptera edeni) in the Gulf of Mexico under the Endangered Species Act
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  • Description:
    "This status review responds to a September 18, 2014 petition from the Natural Resources Defense Council to list the Gulf of Mexico (GOMx) population of Bryde's whale, Balaenoptera edeni, as an endangered distinct population segment (DPS) under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and to designate critical habitat. Under the ESA, if a petition is found to present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted, a status review shall be commenced (16 U.S.C 1533 (b)(3)(A)). The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) determined that the petition contained substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted (80 FR 18343 2015), April 6, 2015). NMFS then requested from the public information on Bryde's whales in the GOMx including: (1) historical and current distribution, abundance, and population trends; (2) life history and biological information including adaptations to ecological settings, genetic information to assess paternal contribution and population connectivity, and movement patterns to determine population mixing; (3) management measures and regulatory mechanisms designed to protect the population; (4) any current or planned activities that may adversely impact them; and (5) ongoing or planned efforts to protect and restore the population and its habitat. The ESA stipulates listing determinations should be made on the basis of the best scientific and commercial information available. The agency convened a Status Review Team (SRT) comprised of experts in the fields of marine mammal biology and ecology, conservation biology, taxonomy, population dynamics, acoustics, and marine policy and GOMx management. The SRT reviewed all the available information, including that provided by the public, and then conducted a comprehensive evaluation of the Gulf of Mexico population of Bryde's whales that determines (1) whether the Gulf of Mexico population qualifies as a DPS, subspecies, or species; (2) summarizes the available information on the biology and threats to the population; (3) evaluates potentially significant threats to the population; and (4) assesses the extinction risk. This report describes the SRT's deliberations and conclusions. The draft status review was submitted to independent peer reviewers and comments and information received from them were addressed and incorporated as appropriate before finalizing the report"--Introduction. [doi:10.7289/V5/TM-SEFSC-692 (https://doi.org/10.7289/V5/TM-SEFSC-692)]

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