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The territorial sea : prospects for the United States
  • Published Date:
    1984
Filetype[PDF - 3.54 MB]


Details:
  • Personal Authors:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium ; National Sea Grant Program (U.S.) ; Mississippi Law Research Institute
  • Description:
    This study of the territorial sea examines the history of the territorial sea, and then explores the effects on domestic federal law, on federal-state relations, and on state-state relations if the recent international trend toward a 12-mile limit is followed by the United States. In the first, section, the paper examines practices by various sea-faring peoples and nations which contributed to the evolution of the territorial sea zone. The uncoordinated evolution of this zone in traditional international law is briefly contrasted with the more planned and uniform Convention on the Law of the Sea. The U.N. Convention is not, however, explored in depth. The first section ends with a discussion of the United States' approach to the territorial sea.The second section reviews the change in the status of the United States territorial sea from a state-managed to a federally regulated area. The discussion covers the congressional reaction to a 1947 Supreme Court decision declaring the territorial zone a federally dominated zone; the return of ownership of the territorial sea to the states; and the evolution of federal control beyond and within the territorial sea. Assuming the likelihood that the United States will adopt a 12-mile limit in the future, the paper offers 2 scenarios. In one scenario, only the national territorial limit is extended out to 12 miles. This causes almost no changes in coastal law or in federal-state relations. In the second, both the national and the state boundaries are broadened to 12 miles. It is this second scenario which creates the greatest challenge to federal and state relations because this scenario affects control over mineral and fishery resources. This part of the paper includes a discussion of the inland states' unexpected stake in the mineral resources of a 12-mile territorial sea. The paper concludes with a glimpse of the operation of a 50-state revenue-sharing plan focused on the expanded territorial sea.

  • Document Type:
  • Funding:
    Funding: NOAA Office of Sea Grant; grant number: NA81AA-D-00050;
    Funding: Mississippi Law Research Institute, Law Center of the University of Mississippi; project number: R/SL-4;
  • Place as Subject:
  • Supporting Files:
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