Preliminary assessment of monk seal-fishery interactions in the Main Hawaiian Islands
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Preliminary assessment of monk seal-fishery interactions in the Main Hawaiian Islands
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    Growth of the endangered Hawaiian monk seal population within the main Hawaiian Islands (MHI) is leading to an increased frequency of interactions between the species and members of fishing communities. An assessment of the types of interactions is needed to assist marine resource managers, scientists, and outreach specialists involved in monk seal recovery efforts. This research effort focused on scheduled interviews with knowledgeable fishermen and intercept interviews at select fishing tournaments and locations. A review of secondary source literature was also conducted and included surveys previously undertaken with the fishing community and landing reports of commercial marine license (CML) holders. We discuss nine nearshore fishing methods and categorize them in terms of different kinds of potentially negative consequences for monk seals (injury or death due to fishing gear) and fishermen (damage of fishing gear and/or loss of catch). Additionally, we discuss fishing respondents' perspectives on select management measures undertaken to date. This report represents a preliminary assessment of human-monk seal interactions as reported on Oahu and Kauai. [doi:10.7289/V5/AR-PIFSC-H-16-08 (]
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