History of weather observations. Fort Jesup, Louisiana 1827 - 1845
Corporate Authors:Climate Database Modernization Program (U.S.) ; Midwestern Regional Climate Center (U.S.) ;
Description:"Fort Jesup was built in 1822 to protect the western border of the United States. Soldiers at the fort helped open the frontier, primarily into Texas, by building roads, surveying uncharted areas, and by clearing streams and rivers. Many settlers moved through Fort Jesup on their way to Texas, and in 1845, approximately one-half of the U.S. Army traveled through the post en route to war with Mexico. Following the war with Mexico, Fort Jesup was no longer needed and the fort was abandoned by Federal forces in 1846. Weather observations at Fort Jesup were taken by Army surgeons, most likely in the vicinity of the hospital. First recorded weather observations in the National Climate Data Center database are for Oct 1827, although indications are the surgeons may have been taking observations earlier. Archives and research at the Northwestern State University of Louisiana both indicate the post hospital was constructed during the winter of 1828-1829. Weather observations prior to this date likely were taken approximately 70 yards to the north or northeast from the hospital, i.e., in the vicinity of the initially constructed buildings. A plaque currently exists at the Fort Jesup Historic Site that pinpoints the location of the hospital. No significant information was found regarding weather instruments used at Fort Jesup. However, publications of the Army Surgeon General's Office in 1844 provided general documentation of the observation process at forts for the period. The National Climate Data Center database contains almost unbroken records of weather observations at Fort Jesup from Oct 1, 1827 through Dec 1845. Primary exceptions were Oct 1843 through Mar 1844 and Aug 1845 when observations were missing"--Executive summary.
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